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The Mayor is both the representative of the State and an employee of the town.
As representative of the State, the mayor is responsible, under the authority of the Prefect, for the enforcement of the laws and regulations within the town.
He and his deputies hold the positions of officer of the judicial police, registrar of births and deaths (celebration of weddings, registration of births and deaths, etc.).
As the town's magistrate , the mayor is in particular responsible for the municipal police.
He must ensure "order, safety, security and public health".
He implements the decisions of the town council under its control and under the administrative control of the Prefect.
He is in particular responsible for preparing and proposing the budget and planning expenditure, managing income, monitoring the town's establishments and accounts, directing works carried out by the town, conserving and administering the town's property, awarding and entering into contracts for the town's works in accordance with the law, etc.
He may also be delegated by the town council in 17 specific cases in the Code des communes (Town council code)(art. L122-20) ranging from the right of first refusal defined by the Code de l'urbanisme (Urban planning code) to the rights to manage the road network and car parking facilities within the limits fixed by the council.
Finally, the mayor grants or refuses planning permission and other land occupation permissions.
He acts in this case as the town's representative, if the town has a Plan d'occupation des sols POS (land occupation plan) and as the State's representative, if there is no such plan.
The mayor can delegate, by order, a part of his duties to one or several deputies.
The mayor is elected by the town council at its first meeting between the first Friday and last Sunday following the poll in which all the members of the town council were elected.
He conducts wedding ceremonies, registers births and deaths and declarations of legal recognition of natural-born children, keeps the births and deaths registers, a copy of which is kept at the Town Hall, and the other at the Tribunal de Grande Instance (departmental or county court)
He issues birth, wedding and death certificates.
He can delegate to one or several of the town's employees, appointed to an open-ended post, duties that he fulfils in his capacity as registrar as regards the registration of the events referred to above, transcription, the making of notes in the margin of all decisions and events on the registers, as well as all formalities relating to the registration of these events.
The registers must be archived annually at the chef-lieu (principal town) of the department (in overseas departments, the registers are kept in triplicate and one copy is sent to mainland France).
Officer of the judicial police:
The mayor and his deputies are officers of the judicial police, who have to record criminal offences, to collect evidence and to look for the offenders as long as the case has not been submitted to the courts.
He records complaints and denunciations and carries out preliminary enquiries under the supervision of the public prosecutor to whom he is bound to submit all cases.
He carries out enquiries in the event of crimes and flagrant offences.
Public prosecutor in the police court:
In exceptional circumstance, when there is an absolute necessity to hold a hearing, the judge of the magistrates court (criminal matters) can call upon the mayor of the place where the court is based or one of his deputies to exercise the duties of the public prosecutor.
The mayor then presides over the legal proceedings and requires the law to be enforced against the offenders.
Subordinate administrative authority:
He is responsible for the publication and the enforcement of laws and regulations.
He plays an active role in the organisation of the elections (lists compiled and revised under his authority).
He presides over the polling stations, ensures the correct implementation of education acts, can take part in the meetings of the school boards in primary and secondary schools.
He is responsible for carrying out censuses.
He compiles the lists of young people eligible to fulfil their national service obligations.
He takes part in the assessment of applications for welfare benefits that are made by claimants to the town's welfare office and then submitted for consideration to inter-district committees via the prefecture (departmental administrative authority).
Sometimes he may be called upon to make civil or military requisitions and to determine how requirements can be met.
Miscellaneous: The mayor may be called upon to assist in the enforcement of distraints or seizures.
He prepares the meetings of the town council and implements the decisions carried.
He manages the town's public and private property.
He performs administrative acts and disposal measures decided by the town council:
signature of contracts, sales, divisions, exchanges, purchases, tendering procedures and awards for municipal public works.
He ensures the town is represented in the courts.
The town's employees:
He is the hierarchical executive. He is responsible for their management.
He takes all the individual decisions relating to the careers of the town's employees: nomination, appointment, assignment, transfer, echelon or grade promotion, entry into retirement, sanctions and possible dismissal, on condition that the guarantees granted to local government workers are met.
He is more often than not automatically appointed president of the board of public establishments in the town (the town's hospitals and homes, welfare services, school funds, other public sector organisations).
Municipal and rural police:
He is responsible for ensuring public order, safety, peacefulness and health and to this end he may make bylaws. The municipal police is responsible in particular for the regulation of traffic on public highways. Police officers and rural police appointed by the mayor must be approved by the public prosecutor. They can be dismissed by the mayor.
In towns with more than 10,000 inhabitants and towns that are part of larger urban areas, the police are usually employed by the State. The prefect must exercise the necessary powers to maintain peace and public order, the mayor is nevertheless responsible for maintaining order in markets, fairs, shows, events, etc.
The mayor can take all necessary provisional measures for the safeguard of the property or the rights of the town.
The town council can delegate some of its powers of decision to the mayor (allocation of the town's property, setting of fees laid down in favour of the town, loans, etc.).
The mayor can delegate some of his duties to his deputies.
Place Maurice Marchais
Tél. : 02 97 01 60 00
Monday to Friday from 8h to 12h15 and from 13h15 to 18h.Saturday morning from 9h to 12h.
CENTRE ADMINISTRATIF MUNICIPAL
7 rue Joseph Le Brix
Tél. : 02 97 01 60 00
Monday to Friday from 8h15 to 12h15 and from 13h15 to 17h.
Permanence of the state civil service, Saturday 9am to 12pm.Are given priority: the declarations of birth and death as well as passport applications (by appointment).
Saturday morning, home phone from 9h to 12h.